If you often deal with hardware such as computers and servers, surely you know what a motherboard is.
This hardware unit is also often referred to as the mainboard or mobo, is the main component of a computer.
The main job of the motherboard is to be the main circuit board that connects the various electronic components in the hardware.
Well if you want to know more about what a motherboard is, you’ve come to the right place Golden friends!
In this article, we’ll cover everything you need to know about it. Start understanding, functions, and components.
Let’s just get started!
What are Motherboards?
Basically, the motherboard is a circuit board that is inside a computer case to which all the components of the computer are connected.
The motherboard provides connectivity between computer hardware components, such as processor (CPU), memory (RAM), hard drive, and video card.
More precisely, the motherboard is the computer hardware that serves as the “backbone” or “mother” that holds all the parts together.
Motherboards themselves also come in a variety of different types and sizes, you know! The goal is to fit a wide variety of hardware types and sizes.
Each type of motherboard is designed to work with a specific type of processor and memory, so not all types will be compatible with your device.
However, generally a universal hard drive will work with most motherboards, regardless of make or model.
Actually, the motherboard does not affect the performance of a hardware device. Device performance will increase depending on the chipset installed.
Physically, the motherboard consists of a sheet of non-conductive material that is strong and rigid. Then, a layer of aluminum foil will be printed on this sheet.
The copper layers, also known as traces, are generally small and form circuits between various components.
In addition to circuits, the motherboard also contains a number of sockets and slots for connecting other components in it.
Generally, motherboards are equipped with several connectivity input/output interfaces located on the input/output panel on the back of the device.
The most common interface on the motherboard is the USB port. Generally, motherboards have multiple USB ports due to the many types of USB connectivity available.
The main purpose of the motherboard is to transfer power and provide a place where all the components can communicate with each other.
Well here are some other functions of the motherboard:
- Transfer data to all computer components.
- Provides the best layout for all components present in the computer.
- Connect components such as CPU, RAM, and video card via Component Hub.
- Distribute power to computer parts according to the needs of each part.
- Connect various components of a computer interface directly or indirectly.
- Send data traffic for all parts of the computer as needed per part.
- Become a communication center to all components directly or indirectly.
Also read: The Most Precise Server Computer Functions & Specifications
If you disassemble your hardware and remove the motherboard, you will see several different parts and components.
Depending on the make and model of your hardware, here are some of the common components on a motherboard!
- Chipset — the main component of a motherboard that functions as a bridge for data flows that connects the processor to other components.
- PCI slots — peripheral components used to install PCI devices such as WiFi cards, LAN cards, and sound cards.
- power connector — consisting of 24 pins or 24 holes that are useful for connecting the power supply to the motherboard and power supply.
- RAM slots — one component is used to place the RAM memory slot. This slot is generally elongated and has a hook at the end.
- Northbridge controller — also known as the host bridge or Memory Controller Hub is responsible for the tasks that require the highest performance.
- IDE & SATA Slots —
- Southbridge controller — manages communication between the CPU and other motherboard components along with the northbridge. Slower performance.
- AGP Slots — a high-speed point-to-point channel for connecting a video card (graphics card) to a computer system. Its main function is to assist in the acceleration of 3D computer graphics.
- BIOS (basic input-output system) — firmware used to initialize hardware during boot and provide runtime services for the operating system and programs.
Also read: Server Computers: Definition and Types
Types of Motherboards
Well, now is the time to learn about the various sizes of motherboards available. Golden friends! Generally, there are three types of motherboard sizes:
Standard ATX motherboards come with dimensions of 305x244mm, these dimensions may vary depending on the manufacturer.
Standard ATX offers more expansion slots: 4 RAM slots, 2 PCIe slots, USB port, and other ports for more flexible connectivity.
This motherboard size is perfect if you want more expansion slots and connecting ports to handle heavier workloads
Standard ATX motherboards are only suitable for cases that support full ATX or Extended ATX motherboards.
Micro ATX motherboards have dimensions of 244×244 and come with fewer ports and slots when compared to Standard ATX boards.
This type of motherboard is more suitable for those who don’t want a lot of connectivity and later upgrades like adding more ram and extras.
This board can fit any case that has enough space and a larger case than Standard ATX and ATX EXTENDED motherboards.
This motherboard has dimensions of 344×330 mm. eXtended ATX is designed for dual CPU, single configuration, up to 8 ram slots.
This eXtended has more PCIe and PCI slots for adding PCI cards for different purposes such as workstations and servers.
Some EATX motherboards are also designed for desktop computing, and there is ample space to cool and install peripherals.
So, What is a Motherboard?
Motherboard is one of the most important parts of a computer system. This circuit board brings together many of the important components of a computer.
Without a motherboard, critical components such as the CPU, RAM memory, and connectors for input and output would not be able to communicate with each other.
Well in this article we have covered everything you need to know about what a motherboard is. Hope it is useful!
If you still have further questions about it, don’t forget to leave a message in the comments column below, OK!
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